An ear, nose and throat specialist (ENT) is a physician trained in the medical and surgical treatment of the ears, nose throat, and related structures of the head and neck. They have special expertise in managing diseases of the ears, nose and nasal passage sinuses, larynx (voice box), oral cavity and upper pharynx (mouth and throat), as well as structures of the neck and face.
The unique domain of the ear; nose and throat specialist is treatment of ear disorders. This includes medical and surgical treatment for hearing disorders, ear infections, balance disorders, facial nerve or cranial nerve disorders, as well as management of congenital (birth) and cancerous disorders of the outer and inner ear.
Care of the nasal cavity and sinuses is one of the primary skills of the ENT specialist. Management of disorders of the nasal cavity, paranasal sinuses, allergies, sense of smell, and nasal respiration (breathing), as well as the external appearance of the nose (rhinoplasty) are part of an ENT's area of expertise.
Also specific to the ENT specialty is expertise in managing diseases of the larynx (voice box) and the upper aerodigestive tract from mouth to esophagus including disorders of the voice respiration (breathing), and swallowing.
Medical and surgical treatment of diseases of the ears, nose, and throat in children.
Medical and surgical treatment of cancerous (and noncancerous) tumors in the head and neck, including thyroid and parathyroid surgery, parotid and salivary glands surgery.
Medical and surgical treatment of disorders of the nose and sinuses.
Medical and surgical treatment of disorders of the throat, including the voice.
Treatment of cosmetic, functional, and reconstructive abnormalities of the face and neck.
Medical and surgical treatment of diseases of the ear, including traumatic and cancerous disorders of the external, middle, and inner ear, as well as the nerve pathways which affect hearing and balance.
Medical treatment of inhalant allergies affecting the upper respiratory system.